One in Five Deaths Linked to Unhealthy Diet

2019-04-11

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1
  • In 2017, eleven million deaths worldwide were linked to people eating diets high in sugar, salt and processed meat.
  • 2
  • Those foods were partly to blame for heart disease, cancer and diabetes, a new study found.
  • 3
  • The study is called the Global Burden of Disease.
  • 4
  • It followed eating trends in 195 countries from 1990 to 2017.
  • 5
  • The findings were reported in the publication The Lancet.
  • 6
  • Researchers considered 15 dietary elements, such as diets low in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and milk.
  • 7
  • They also looked at diets high in red meat, processed meat, sugar-sweetened drinks and sodium.
  • 8
  • The study found that Uzbekistan had the highest percentage of diet-related deaths.
  • 9
  • Israel had the lowest proportion of diet-related deaths, while the United States rated 43rd in the study.
  • 10
  • Consumption of foods such as nuts and seeds, milk and whole grains was on average too low, the researchers found.
  • 11
  • Chris Murray is director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, which led the work.
  • 12
  • "Poor diet is responsible for more deaths than any other risk factor in the world," he said.
  • 13
  • The study found people ate only 12 percent of the recommended amount of nuts and seeds -- an average intake of 3 grams a day.
  • 14
  • For good health, experts say, you should eat 21 grams of nuts and seeds every day.
  • 15
  • The study also found that people drank more than 10 times the recommended amount of sugary drinks.
  • 16
  • Another study published in January suggested an "ideal diet" for the health of people and the planet would include a doubling of the consumption of nuts, fruits, vegetables and legumes.
  • 17
  • Such a diet would also include reducing by half the amount of meat and sugar consumed.
  • 18
  • I'm John Russell.
  • 1
  • In 2017, eleven million deaths worldwide were linked to people eating diets high in sugar, salt and processed meat.
  • 2
  • Those foods were partly to blame for heart disease, cancer and diabetes, a new study found.
  • 3
  • The study is called the Global Burden of Disease. It followed eating trends in 195 countries from 1990 to 2017. The findings were reported in the publication The Lancet.
  • 4
  • Researchers considered 15 dietary elements, such as diets low in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and milk. They also looked at diets high in red meat, processed meat, sugar-sweetened drinks and sodium.
  • 5
  • The study found that Uzbekistan had the highest percentage of diet-related deaths.
  • 6
  • Israel had the lowest proportion of diet-related deaths, while the United States rated 43rd in the study.
  • 7
  • Consumption of foods such as nuts and seeds, milk and whole grains was on average too low, the researchers found.
  • 8
  • Chris Murray is director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, which led the work.
  • 9
  • "Poor diet is responsible for more deaths than any other risk factor in the world," he said.
  • 10
  • The study found people ate only 12 percent of the recommended amount of nuts and seeds -- an average intake of 3 grams a day. For good health, experts say, you should eat 21 grams of nuts and seeds every day.
  • 11
  • The study also found that people drank more than 10 times the recommended amount of sugary drinks.
  • 12
  • Another study published in January suggested an "ideal diet" for the health of people and the planet would include a doubling of the consumption of nuts, fruits, vegetables and legumes. Such a diet would also include reducing by half the amount of meat and sugar consumed.
  • 13
  • I'm John Russell.
  • 14
  • Kate Kelland reported on this story for Reuters. John Russell adapted it for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.
  • 15
  • _______________________________________________________________
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  • Words in This Story
  • 17
  • trend - n. a general direction of change; a way of behaving that is developing and becoming more common
  • 18
  • proportion - n. the relationship that exists between the size, number, or amount of two things - often + of
  • 19
  • consumption - n. the act of eating food or using something
  • 20
  • factor - n. something that helps produce or influence a result; one of the things that cause something to happen
  • 21
  • recommend - v. to suggest or advise; propose
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