Deadly Drought in Southern Africa Leaves Millions Hungry

2019-11-26

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1
  • A months-long drought affecting most of southern Africa has led to serious food shortages for millions of people.
  • 2
  • The United Nations estimates that more than 11 million people are currently facing crisis levels of food insecurity.
  • 3
  • The World Food Program says southern Africa has received normal rainfall in just one of the past five growing seasons.
  • 4
  • Among the hardest hit areas is South Africa's Northern Cape province.
  • 5
  • There, many farmers are struggling to keep their families and animals alive as they lose money and debt grows.
  • 6
  • Sheep farmer Louis van der Merwe told The Associated Press he had lost more than 400 sheep and 450 springboks over the past two years.
  • 7
  • He said the current drought is the worst he has seen during his 45 years of farming.
  • 8
  • Some of his animals died of hunger. Others were harvested earlier than normal to reduce the number of animals he had to feed.
  • 9
  • Van der Merwe got emotional while explaining that he now accepts donations of animal feed so he can keep the rest of his animals alive.
  • 10
  • "If we didn't have hope, we would not be here anymore," he said.
  • 11
  • "We have to have hope and faith. There are a couple of times when we have felt it is not worth it."
  • 12
  • One farmers' organization estimates that South Africa's Northern Cape province will need at least $28 million over the next three months to assist 15,500 affected farms.
  • 13
  • So far, South Africa's government has promised $2 million.
  • 14
  • Gertruida Buffel lives in the Northern Cape town of Vosburg.
  • 15
  • She told the AP that things have gotten so bad that she now shares her family's food with their animals.
  • 16
  • For two weeks, she fed two small lambs a mixture of dried corn and water after their mother starved to death.
  • 17
  • But she said one lamb ended up dying, likely because the corn mixture was not part of the lambs' usual diet.
  • 18
  • Small children are hungry, too.
  • 19
  • At Vosburg's only school, Delta Primary School, large groups of children line up every morning for what becomes both breakfast and lunch.
  • 20
  • The meal usually includes corn meal, vegetables and soup.
  • 21
  • The school food program began before the drought.
  • 22
  • But teachers say it has become increasingly important for the town's struggling families.
  • 23
  • "It's very hard for the parents to actually feed their children at home," one teacher said.
  • 24
  • In Kimberley, the capital of Northern Cape, government officials give out money from the $2-million disaster aid program.
  • 25
  • The job can be difficult because some farmers live in places that are not easy to get to.
  • 26
  • Farmers Jan Louw and Martiens Tieties are among those hoping to receive government-provided animal feed.
  • 27
  • But they are not expecting any assistance until January.
  • 28
  • Until then, they plan to keep sharing feed with other farmers to keep their animals alive.
  • 29
  • I'm Bryan Lynn.
  • 1
  • A months-long drought affecting most of southern Africa has led to serious food shortages for millions of people.
  • 2
  • The United Nations estimates that more than 11 million people are currently facing crisis levels of food insecurity. The World Food Program says southern Africa has received normal rainfall in just one of the past five growing seasons.
  • 3
  • Among the hardest hit areas is South Africa's Northern Cape province. There, many farmers are struggling to keep their families and animals alive as they lose money and debt grows.
  • 4
  • Sheep farmer Louis van der Merwe told The Associated Press he had lost more than 400 sheep and 450 springboks over the past two years. He said the current drought is the worst he has seen during his 45 years of farming.
  • 5
  • Some of his animals died of hunger. Others were harvested earlier than normal to reduce the number of animals he had to feed. Van der Merwe got emotional while explaining that he now accepts donations of animal feed so he can keep the rest of his animals alive.
  • 6
  • "If we didn't have hope, we would not be here anymore," he said. "We have to have hope and faith. There are a couple of times when we have felt it is not worth it."
  • 7
  • One farmers' organization estimates that South Africa's Northern Cape province will need at least $28 million over the next three months to assist 15,500 affected farms. So far, South Africa's government has promised $2 million.
  • 8
  • Gertruida Buffel lives in the Northern Cape town of Vosburg. She told the AP that things have gotten so bad that she now shares her family's food with their animals.
  • 9
  • For two weeks, she fed two small lambs a mixture of dried corn and water after their mother starved to death. But she said one lamb ended up dying, likely because the corn mixture was not part of the lambs' usual diet.
  • 10
  • Small children are hungry, too. At Vosburg's only school, Delta Primary School, large groups of children line up every morning for what becomes both breakfast and lunch. The meal usually includes corn meal, vegetables and soup.
  • 11
  • The school food program began before the drought. But teachers say it has become increasingly important for the town's struggling families. "It's very hard for the parents to actually feed their children at home," one teacher said.
  • 12
  • In Kimberley, the capital of Northern Cape, government officials give out money from the $2-million disaster aid program. The job can be difficult because some farmers live in places that are not easy to get to.
  • 13
  • Farmers Jan Louw and Martiens Tieties are among those hoping to receive government-provided animal feed. But they are not expecting any assistance until January. Until then, they plan to keep sharing feed with other farmers to keep their animals alive.
  • 14
  • I'm Bryan Lynn.
  • 15
  • The Associated Press reported on this story. Bryan Lynn adapted the report for VOA Learning English. Ashley Thompson was the editor.
  • 16
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  • Words in This Story
  • 19
  • drought - a long period of time during which there is very little or no rain
  • 20
  • province - areas that some countries are divided into
  • 21
  • faith - n. complete trust or confidence in someone or something