Western Diet Bad for Human Health, Environment

01/07/2015

00:00 / 00:00
复读宝 RABC v8.0beta 复读机按钮使用说明
播放/暂停
停止
播放时:倒退3秒/复读时:回退AB段
播放时:快进3秒/复读时:前进AB段
拖动:改变速度/点击:恢复正常速度1.0
拖动改变复读暂停时间
点击:复读最近5秒/拖动:改变复读次数
设置A点
设置B点
取消复读并清除AB点
播放一行
停止播放
后退一行
前进一行
复读一行
复读多行
变速复读一行
变速复读多行
LRC
TXT
大字
小字
滚动
全页
1
  • From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.
  • 2
  • The spread of Western eating habits around the world is bad for human health and for the environment.
  • 3
  • Those findings come from a new report in the journal Nature.
  • 4
  • There are ways to solve this diet-health-environment problem.
  • 5
  • But they will require a change in eating habits.
  • 6
  • And what we eat can be a product of culture, personal taste, price and ease.
  • 7
  • David Tilman is a professor of ecology at the University of Minnesota.
  • 8
  • In the study, he examined information from 100 countries to identify what people ate and how diet affected health.
  • 9
  • Mr. Tilman noted a movement beginning in the 1960s.
  • 10
  • He found that as nations industrialized, population increased and earnings rose.
  • 11
  • More people began to adopt what has been called the Western diet.
  • 12
  • The Western diet is high in refined, or processed, sugar, fat, oil and meat.
  • 13
  • By eating these foods, people began to get fatter -- and sicker.
  • 14
  • "The excess, let us say, in the 15 richest nations of the world,
  • 15
  • right now is on the order of about 400 or 500 extra calories a day that are eaten beyond what people need,
  • 16
  • and that leads people to gain weight."
  • 17
  • David Tillman says overweight people are at greater risk for non-infectious diseases like diabetes, heart disease and some cancers.
  • 18
  • "Diabetes is shooting to very high rates in the United States and across Europe.
  • 19
  • Heart disease is a major cause of mortality in the Western countries.
  • 20
  • Unfortunately when people become industrialized,
  • 21
  • if they adopt this Western diet,
  • 22
  • they are going to have these same health impacts,
  • 23
  • and in some cases if you are Asian, you have them more severely than even happens in the West."
  • 24
  • China, he says, is an example where the number of diabetes cases has jumped.
  • 25
  • "... from less than one percent to 10 percent of the population having diabetes as they began to industrialize over a 20-year period.
  • 26
  • And that has not leveled off yet.
  • 27
  • That is still going up.
  • 28
  • And that is happening all across the world, in Mexico, in Nigeria and so on, just nation after nation."
  • 29
  • And, a diet bad for human beings, it seems, is also bad for the environment.
  • 30
  • As the world's population grows,
  • 31
  • experts say more forests and tropical areas will become farmland for crops or grasslands for grazing cattle.
  • 32
  • These areas will be needed to meet the increasing demand for food.
  • 33
  • "We are likely to have more greenhouse gas released in the future from agriculture
  • 34
  • because of this dietary shift than all the greenhouse gas that right now comes out of all the cars, and all of the airplanes,
  • 35
  • boats and ships, all forms of transportation.
  • 36
  • So our change in diet is likely to be worse for the world for climate warming than all the transportation sources we use right now."
  • 37
  • Mr. Tilman calls the link between diet, the environment and human health, "a trilemma."
  • 38
  • This is a play on the word "dilemma" -- a problem offering a difficult choice.
  • 39
  • He says one possible solution is leaving the Western diet behind.
  • 40
  • I'm Anna Matteo.
  • 41
  • Words in This Story
  • 42
  • graze -- v. (of cattle, sheep, etc...) eat grass in a field
  • 43
  • dilemma - n. a situation in which you have to make a difficult choice
  • 1
  • From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.
  • 2
  • The spread of Western eating habits around the world is bad for human health and for the environment. Those findings come from a new report in the journal Nature.
  • 3
  • There are ways to solve this diet-health-environment problem. But they will require a change in eating habits. And what we eat can be a product of culture, personal taste, price and ease.
  • 4
  • David Tilman is a professor of ecology at the University of Minnesota. In the study, he examined information from 100 countries to identify what people ate and how diet affected health.
  • 5
  • Mr. Tilman noted a movement beginning in the 1960s. He found that as nations industrialized, population increased and earnings rose. More people began to adopt what has been called the Western diet.
  • 6
  • The Western diet is high in refined, or processed, sugar, fat, oil and meat. By eating these foods, people began to get fatter -- and sicker.
  • 7
  • "The excess, let us say, in the 15 richest nations of the world, right now is on the order of about 400 or 500 extra calories a day that are eaten beyond what people need, and that leads people to gain weight."
  • 8
  • David Tillman says overweight people are at greater risk for non-infectious diseases like diabetes, heart disease and some cancers.
  • 9
  • "Diabetes is shooting to very high rates in the United States and across Europe. Heart disease is a major cause of mortality in the Western countries. Unfortunately when people become industrialized, if they adopt this Western diet, they are going to have these same health impacts, and in some cases if you are Asian, you have them more severely than even happens in the West."
  • 10
  • China, he says, is an example where the number of diabetes cases has jumped.
  • 11
  • "... from less than one percent to 10 percent of the population having diabetes as they began to industrialize over a 20-year period. And that has not leveled off yet. That is still going up. And that is happening all across the world, in Mexico, in Nigeria and so on, just nation after nation."
  • 12
  • And, a diet bad for human beings, it seems, is also bad for the environment. As the world's population grows, experts say more forests and tropical areas will become farmland for crops or grasslands for grazing cattle. These areas will be needed to meet the increasing demand for food.
  • 13
  • "We are likely to have more greenhouse gas released in the future from agriculture because of this dietary shift than all the greenhouse gas that right now comes out of all the cars, and all of the airplanes, boats and ships, all forms of transportation. So our change in diet is likely to be worse for the world for climate warming than all the transportation sources we use right now."
  • 14
  • Mr. Tilman calls the link between diet, the environment and human health, "a trilemma." This is a play on the word "dilemma" -- a problem offering a difficult choice. He says one possible solution is leaving the Western diet behind.
  • 15
  • I'm Anna Matteo.
  • 16
  • ______________________________________________________________
  • 17
  • Words in This Story
  • 18
  • graze -- v. (of cattle, sheep, etc...) eat grass in a field
  • 19
  • dilemma - n. a situation in which you have to make a difficult choice