Some Asian Countries Gain from Low Oil Prices

12/08/2014

00:00 / 00:00
复读宝 RABC v8.0beta 复读机按钮使用说明
播放/暂停
停止
播放时:倒退3秒/复读时:回退AB段
播放时:快进3秒/复读时:前进AB段
拖动:改变速度/点击:恢复正常速度1.0
拖动改变复读暂停时间
点击:复读最近5秒/拖动:改变复读次数
设置A点
设置B点
取消复读并清除AB点
播放一行
停止播放
后退一行
前进一行
复读一行
复读多行
变速复读一行
变速复读多行
LRC
TXT
大字
小字
滚动
全页
1
  • From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report.
  • 2
  • Today we tell you more about the effects of falling oil prices.
  • 3
  • Lower demand for oil and too much supply have sent prices to their lowest levels in five years.
  • 4
  • Last week, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries decided to keep production at current levels.
  • 5
  • Representatives of the 12-nation group met in Vienna, Austria.
  • 6
  • They were unable to reach agreement on changing OPEC's production targets.
  • 7
  • Lower oil prices are causing economic hardship in some OPEC members.
  • 8
  • Officials there are exploring ways to cut government spending.
  • 9
  • The president of Venezuela announced last week that he and other government officials should take pay cuts as part of budget reductions.
  • 10
  • The Reuters news service says the reductions are meant to answer the lower oil prices.
  • 11
  • It says Venezuela gets 96 percent of its export earnings from oil sales.
  • 12
  • The nation has among the highest inflation rates in Latin America.
  • 13
  • Russia is a major oil exporter, but does not belong to OPEC.
  • 14
  • This week, Russia's economic development ministry predicted that the Russian economy will shrink by eight-tenths of a percent in 2015.
  • 15
  • Oil exports are important to Russia.
  • 16
  • The value of Russian money has lost about 40 percent of its value this year compared to the American dollar.
  • 17
  • Observers have blamed the drop on falling profits from oil exports, and Western sanctions to punish Russian actions in Ukraine.
  • 18
  • But economists say the fall in oil prices is helping economies in Asia.
  • 19
  • Andrew Colquhoun is with Hong Kong-based Fitch Ratings.
  • 20
  • "Most Asia-Pacific economies are oil importers and therefore the decline in oil prices is equivalent to a kind of income gain for them and the impact depends on whether they save or spend the income gain."
  • 21
  • In a recent report, Fitch Ratings said China and most major Asian economies would effectively earn more money from sustained lower oil prices.
  • 22
  • Thailand spends 15 percent of national income on oil, the largest percentage in the area.
  • 23
  • Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia all are moving to reduce oil price supports, or subsidies, which are often a major part in government spending.
  • 24
  • Last month Indonesian President Joko Widodo raised subsidized fuel prices by over 30 percent.
  • 25
  • Trade unions and opposition parties criticized the move.
  • 26
  • The Indonesian government says it is providing social assistance to over 15 million people to ease the effect of higher fuel costs.
  • 27
  • But some experts say it is a matter of time before prices recover.
  • 28
  • Jack Gerard is president of the American Petroleum Institute.
  • 29
  • He says demand for oil will rise, and prices will find an equilibrium.
  • 30
  • And that's the VOA Learning English Economics Report.
  • 31
  • I'm Mario Ritter.
  • 32
  • Words in This Story
  • 33
  • Targets - n. a goal or object that is aimed at
  • 34
  • Influence - v. to have an effect on someone or something; to cause change
  • 35
  • Assistance - n. help, aid or support
  • 36
  • Sustained - adj. continued, being able to hold in place or carry forward
  • 37
  • Equilibrium - n. a state in which opposing forces or actions are balanced so that one is not stronger or greater than the other
  • 38
  • Now it's your turn to use these Words in this Story.
  • 39
  • In the comments section, write a sentence using one of these words and we will provide feedback on your use of vocabulary and grammar.
  • 1
  • From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report.
  • 2
  • Today we tell you more about the effects of falling oil prices. Lower demand for oil and too much supply have sent prices to their lowest levels in five years.
  • 3
  • Last week, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries decided to keep production at current levels. Representatives of the 12-nation group met in Vienna, Austria. They were unable to reach agreement on changing OPEC's production targets.
  • 4
  • Lower oil prices are causing economic hardship in some OPEC members. Officials there are exploring ways to cut government spending.
  • 5
  • The president of Venezuela announced last week that he and other government officials should take pay cuts as part of budget reductions. The Reuters news service says the reductions are meant to answer the lower oil prices. It says Venezuela gets 96 percent of its export earnings from oil sales. The nation has among the highest inflation rates in Latin America.
  • 6
  • Russia is a major oil exporter, but does not belong to OPEC. This week, Russia's economic development ministry predicted that the Russian economy will shrink by eight-tenths of a percent in 2015. Oil exports are important to Russia. The value of Russian money has lost about 40 percent of its value this year compared to the American dollar. Observers have blamed the drop on falling profits from oil exports, and Western sanctions to punish Russian actions in Ukraine.
  • 7
  • But economists say the fall in oil prices is helping economies in Asia. Andrew Colquhoun is with Hong Kong-based Fitch Ratings.
  • 8
  • "Most Asia-Pacific economies are oil importers and therefore the decline in oil prices is equivalent to a kind of income gain for them and the impact depends on whether they save or spend the income gain."
  • 9
  • In a recent report, Fitch Ratings said China and most major Asian economies would effectively earn more money from sustained lower oil prices. Thailand spends 15 percent of national income on oil, the largest percentage in the area.
  • 10
  • Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia all are moving to reduce oil price supports, or subsidies, which are often a major part in government spending.
  • 11
  • Last month Indonesian President Joko Widodo raised subsidized fuel prices by over 30 percent. Trade unions and opposition parties criticized the move. The Indonesian government says it is providing social assistance to over 15 million people to ease the effect of higher fuel costs.
  • 12
  • But some experts say it is a matter of time before prices recover. Jack Gerard is president of the American Petroleum Institute. He says demand for oil will rise, and prices will find an equilibrium.
  • 13
  • And that's the VOA Learning English Economics Report. I'm Mario Ritter.
  • 14
  • ____________________________________________________________
  • 15
  • Words in This Story
  • 16
  • Targets - n. a goal or object that is aimed at
  • 17
  • Influence - v. to have an effect on someone or something; to cause change
  • 18
  • Assistance - n. help, aid or support
  • 19
  • Sustained - adj. continued, being able to hold in place or carry forward
  • 20
  • Equilibrium - n. a state in which opposing forces or actions are balanced so that one is not stronger or greater than the other
  • 21
  • Now it's your turn to use these Words in this Story. In the comments section, write a sentence using one of these words and we will provide feedback on your use of vocabulary and grammar.