Ebola: Staying Safe Against a Killer Disease

07/16/2014

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1
  • From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.
  • 2
  • The World Health Organization, the W.H.O., says the disease Ebola is spreading in West Africa.
  • 3
  • The situation frightens both local citizens and travelers.
  • 4
  • There is no vaccine or special treatment. And the fatality rate is very high.
  • 5
  • That rate represents the number of people who get sick from Ebola and then die.
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  • Ebola can kill up to 90 percent of those infected.At the time of this report,
  • 7
  • the W.H.O. says that in West Africa the disease has infected nearly 1,000 people and has killed more than 600.
  • 8
  • It is difficult to stop Ebola from spreading. It moves easily from person to person.
  • 9
  • The disease strikes its victims through direct contact with the blood or other fluids from the body of an infected person.
  • 10
  • For that reason Ebola patients must be kept away from other people.
  • 11
  • The bodies of victims still contain the virus days after they die.
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  • Local traditions and burial and funeral customs also make the sickness hard to contain.
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  • Doctors say it is important to identify an Ebola case early to prevent others from becoming infected.
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  • Patients suffer from high body temperature, bleeding and diarrhea.
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  • Only a few prevention measures exist.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the U.S., the C.D.C.,
  • 16
  • and the W.H.O. suggest staying away from countries with confirmed Ebola cases.
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  • People at increased threat include those working in animal research,
  • 18
  • health care workers and others caring for patients in the community.
  • 19
  • As of July 15, 2014, the W.H.O. says Ebola killed 68 people in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone,
  • 20
  • the three countries where the disease has been confirmed.
  • 21
  • The W.H.O. also reports "high levels of transmission" continue in those countries.
  • 22
  • The W.H.O. is helping to train volunteers in Liberia and Sierra Leone
  • 23
  • to locate anyone who may have been in contact with the Ebola virus.
  • 24
  • The W.H.O. says is wants to ensure that suspected Ebola patients are immediately isolated,
  • 25
  • or kept away from other people.
  • 26
  • The U.N. agency has also opened a new office in Guinea to help with the local response to the outbreak.
  • 27
  • A patient in Ghana was su